Common Redpoll
Acanthis flammea

RSPB Conservation Status – Amber

Last seen – 

The common redpoll is a small finch that is native to the Arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America.

It has a distinctive red forehead, black bib, and brownish-grey back and wings.

The male has a brighter red forehead than the female, and during the breeding season, it also has a pink wash on its breast.

It doesn’t breed in the UK, but is a passage migrant and winter visitor, particularly to the east coast.




Population – Between 12 and 170 breeding pairs

Length – 12 – 14 cm

Wingspan – 20 – 25 cm

Weight – 12 – 18 g


Common redpolls breed from late April to early July, depending on the location.

They build their nests in trees or shrubs, using a mixture of twigs, grass, and moss, and line them with feathers and hair.

The female lays between four and six eggs, which both parents incubate for around 11-12 days.

The chicks fledge at around 12-13 days old.


Common redpolls breed in the subarctic and Arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America.

They prefer open woodland and scrub, and also occur in areas of tundra, heath, and bog.

During the winter, they may also be found in gardens and parks in the UK, particularly those with mature trees and shrubs.



Common redpolls are seed-eaters, and their diet consists mainly of seeds from birch, alder, and other trees and shrubs.

They will also feed on insects, particularly during the breeding season when protein is essential for their chicks’ growth.

If you have seen a Common Redpoll, please let us know via our survey page.