Fringilla coelebs

RSPB Conservation Status – Green

Last seen – 7-2-23

The Chaffinch is a small but colorful bird that is native to the United Kingdom.

These birds are known for their vibrant plumage and their sweet, warbling songs that can often be heard echoing through the countryside.




Population – 5,000,000 breeding pairs

Length – 14 – 16 cm

Wingspan – 24 – 28 cm

Weight – 18 – 29 g


Chaffinches typically breed between April and July, building their nests in trees or shrubs.

The female lays a clutch of 4-5 eggs, which she incubates for around 12-14 days.

The chicks are fed by both parents and fledge from the nest after around 12-16 days.


Chaffinches are adaptable birds that can thrive in a variety of habitats.

They are commonly found in woodlands and hedgerows, where they nest in trees and shrubs, but they can also be found in parks and gardens.

Chaffinches are particularly common in rural areas, where they feed on seeds and insects.



Chaffinches are primarily seed-eaters, feeding on a wide variety of seeds and nuts.

They have a particular preference for beech and oak mast, and can often be seen feeding on the ground under these trees.

Chaffinches also feed on insects, particularly in the spring and summer when they are breeding.

If you have seen a Chaffinch, please let us know via our survey page.