Buteo buteo

RSPB Conservation Status – Green

Last seen – 1-2-23

The Buzzard is a medium-sized bird of prey found throughout the UK.

It has a broad, rounded wing shape and a distinctive tail with a dark band towards the end.

The population has increased in recent decades due to the banning of harmful pesticides and the protection of nesting sites.




Population – Between 60,000 and 87,000 breeding pairs

Length – 51 – 60 cm

Wingspan – 113 – 128 cm

Weight – 550 – 1300 g


The Buzzard’s breeding season typically starts in March or April, with both males and females participating in building the nest, which is usually located high up in a tree or on a rocky ledge.

The female lays 2-4 eggs, which are incubated for around 33-35 days.

The chicks fledge after around 50-55 days, and may stay with their parents for several months before becoming independent.


The Buzzard can be found in a wide range of habitats, including woodlands, moorlands, heathlands, and farmland.

It prefers areas with open spaces and nearby trees or other perches, from which it can hunt and survey its surroundings.



The Buzzard is a carnivorous bird of prey, feeding on a variety of prey including small mammals such as voles, rabbits, and squirrels, as well as birds and reptiles.

It hunts from a perch, swooping down to catch its prey on the ground or in the air.

If you have seen a Buzzard, please let us know via our survey page.